Contract 0x2Ab7bE27093355C206B96203FDbbE5a65687B4ea

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0x6b9ab93fb1cdf634984d5d11562c667f6f6158d854aabd776c9ee39a76eda6c4_set Pending Adm...142833262022-11-16 19:45:2322 days 5 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT14.2344
0xbdff033a9bd568891ac0fdc0390f500a68a0f5c455bddb6c75699fbcd4a3b4e6_set Collateral ...142832462022-11-16 19:42:3922 days 5 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT27.8361
0xfc96d8f71865d307a810fba621c7c20edea79acd83a9d9bcd9f1867f0dcdab36_set Collateral ...142832192022-11-16 19:41:4522 days 5 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT27.7716
0xc0aa69a78e0f14d15ee1b1ec6150d056311852ec232d1521d4782c3e6cd80997_set Collateral ...142831592022-11-16 19:39:4122 days 5 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT21.8661
0xc168a1845bdacb4902dc02fe780ff47e7e75931dd090ce7223c2800bd677dd1a_set Collateral ...142831362022-11-16 19:38:5522 days 5 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT27.8361
0x6f9a82a2646a3740dabc10424d2765cf32ee5e2ee59d49c2397ad857f8952945_set Borrow Cap ...142823252022-11-16 19:11:0122 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT15.798
0x11c30ad61a905d09772ce794e48bb520b362a3bfe1733de9f81cd38fdebddeaf_set Market Borr...142822582022-11-16 19:08:4322 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT10.4271
0x681ef37674b7de7a5ff95cd2bfcd23585862b404e7e2cb2138eda0ac0b42c049_set Market Borr...142822472022-11-16 19:08:2122 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT10.4235
0xfc707748b00189da1e29f54b3470144fbf7ab8b70b3646e63f03089e51d9c8b8_set Market Borr...142822352022-11-16 19:07:5322 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT10.4271
0x4b5d74aa6f4ae8314aec0d2d364e36b36700f31a1e3d5a5eeb25fc4f54d7cdcf_support Market142821672022-11-16 19:05:3322 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT41.5026
0xb111a5f574808c893a5870928abc33364b333f18950c6ae2e3f9def72f19792c_support Market142821462022-11-16 19:04:5122 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT40.7295
0x94ca93bddf5732a86a3b79cdc0628c553e9f42699edd4114bbbb4a7be5486e6f_support Market142821272022-11-16 19:04:1322 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT45.0936
0xb8a982db4198e2ddfa46d32f0adbc0cf342022a54ed5667a3b175dca6c8cb033_set Liquidation...142821052022-11-16 19:03:2522 days 6 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT15.7506
0x6dcbc8ae5c52136bb903b178bc916f11b5042c2ae0649d0297409b5b74a8e9e3_set Pause Guard...142811732022-11-16 18:31:2522 days 7 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT15.8232
0x677c6297146a977f08cf6af4cc48d8335c157e7e90fe8636102ec19b9f8e3ddd_set Close Facto...142802582022-11-16 17:59:5922 days 7 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT15.7371
0x2b2ea913900f95f4e269a882f2f9e7c2f03f5ac5ba8e7dfc65cadd65701bd40d_set Price Oracl...140700032022-11-11 17:32:2527 days 8 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT15.8298
0xd9689fc6893ca721d43a3d507ba7bcd83b06fdc99528fdb1add3846cf29d09c0_set Pending Imp...140699282022-11-11 17:29:5127 days 8 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  0x2ab7be27093355c206b96203fdbbe5a65687b4ea0 BTT14.2374
0xc97987716a74f49ab962020b065a8ac0df9f5d0042d88fc7e265a1bd8c6032530x60806040140699242022-11-11 17:29:4327 days 8 hrs agoBitlend: Deployer IN  Create: Unitroller0 BTT120.1068
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Contract Source Code Verified (Exact Match)

Contract Name:
Unitroller

Compiler Version
v0.8.10+commit.fc410830

Optimization Enabled:
Yes with 200 runs

Other Settings:
default evmVersion, BSD-3-Clause license

Contract Source Code (Solidity)

/**
 *Submitted for verification at bttcscan.com on 2022-11-14
*/

// Sources flattened with hardhat v2.10.1 https://hardhat.org

// File contracts/ErrorReporter.sol

// SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
pragma solidity ^0.8.10;

contract ComptrollerErrorReporter {
    enum Error {
        NO_ERROR,
        UNAUTHORIZED,
        COMPTROLLER_MISMATCH,
        INSUFFICIENT_SHORTFALL,
        INSUFFICIENT_LIQUIDITY,
        INVALID_CLOSE_FACTOR,
        INVALID_COLLATERAL_FACTOR,
        INVALID_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE,
        MARKET_NOT_ENTERED, // no longer possible
        MARKET_NOT_LISTED,
        MARKET_ALREADY_LISTED,
        MATH_ERROR,
        NONZERO_BORROW_BALANCE,
        PRICE_ERROR,
        REJECTION,
        SNAPSHOT_ERROR,
        TOO_MANY_ASSETS,
        TOO_MUCH_REPAY
    }

    enum FailureInfo {
        ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK,
        ACCEPT_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_ADDRESS_CHECK,
        EXIT_MARKET_BALANCE_OWED,
        EXIT_MARKET_REJECTION,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_CLOSE_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_NO_EXISTS,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_VALIDATION,
        SET_COLLATERAL_FACTOR_WITHOUT_PRICE,
        SET_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_LIQUIDATION_INCENTIVE_VALIDATION,
        SET_MAX_ASSETS_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PRICE_ORACLE_OWNER_CHECK,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_EXISTS,
        SUPPORT_MARKET_OWNER_CHECK,
        SET_PAUSE_GUARDIAN_OWNER_CHECK
    }

    /**
      * @dev `error` corresponds to enum Error; `info` corresponds to enum FailureInfo, and `detail` is an arbitrary
      * contract-specific code that enables us to report opaque error codes from upgradeable contracts.
      **/
    event Failure(uint error, uint info, uint detail);

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting a known error from the money market or a non-upgradeable collaborator
      */
    function fail(Error err, FailureInfo info) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), 0);

        return uint(err);
    }

    /**
      * @dev use this when reporting an opaque error from an upgradeable collaborator contract
      */
    function failOpaque(Error err, FailureInfo info, uint opaqueError) internal returns (uint) {
        emit Failure(uint(err), uint(info), opaqueError);

        return uint(err);
    }
}

contract TokenErrorReporter {
    uint public constant NO_ERROR = 0; // support legacy return codes

    error TransferComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error TransferNotAllowed();
    error TransferNotEnough();
    error TransferTooMuch();

    error MintComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error MintFreshnessCheck();

    error RedeemComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error RedeemFreshnessCheck();
    error RedeemTransferOutNotPossible();

    error BorrowComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error BorrowFreshnessCheck();
    error BorrowCashNotAvailable();

    error RepayBorrowComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error RepayBorrowFreshnessCheck();

    error LiquidateComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error LiquidateFreshnessCheck();
    error LiquidateCollateralFreshnessCheck();
    error LiquidateAccrueBorrowInterestFailed(uint256 errorCode);
    error LiquidateAccrueCollateralInterestFailed(uint256 errorCode);
    error LiquidateLiquidatorIsBorrower();
    error LiquidateCloseAmountIsZero();
    error LiquidateCloseAmountIsUintMax();
    error LiquidateRepayBorrowFreshFailed(uint256 errorCode);

    error LiquidateSeizeComptrollerRejection(uint256 errorCode);
    error LiquidateSeizeLiquidatorIsBorrower();

    error AcceptAdminPendingAdminCheck();

    error SetComptrollerOwnerCheck();
    error SetPendingAdminOwnerCheck();

    error SetReserveFactorAdminCheck();
    error SetReserveFactorFreshCheck();
    error SetReserveFactorBoundsCheck();

    error AddReservesFactorFreshCheck(uint256 actualAddAmount);

    error ReduceReservesAdminCheck();
    error ReduceReservesFreshCheck();
    error ReduceReservesCashNotAvailable();
    error ReduceReservesCashValidation();

    error SetInterestRateModelOwnerCheck();
    error SetInterestRateModelFreshCheck();
}


abstract contract ComptrollerInterface {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is a Comptroller contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isComptroller = true;

    /*** Assets You Are In ***/

    function enterMarkets(address[] calldata cTokens) virtual external returns (uint[] memory);
    function exitMarket(address cToken) virtual external returns (uint);

    /*** Policy Hooks ***/

    function mintAllowed(address cToken, address minter, uint mintAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function mintVerify(address cToken, address minter, uint mintAmount, uint mintTokens) virtual external;

    function redeemAllowed(address cToken, address redeemer, uint redeemTokens) virtual external returns (uint);
    function redeemVerify(address cToken, address redeemer, uint redeemAmount, uint redeemTokens) virtual external;

    function borrowAllowed(address cToken, address borrower, uint borrowAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function borrowVerify(address cToken, address borrower, uint borrowAmount) virtual external;

    function repayBorrowAllowed(
        address cToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrowVerify(
        address cToken,
        address payer,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount,
        uint borrowerIndex) virtual external;

    function liquidateBorrowAllowed(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function liquidateBorrowVerify(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint repayAmount,
        uint seizeTokens) virtual external;

    function seizeAllowed(
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint seizeTokens) virtual external returns (uint);
    function seizeVerify(
        address cTokenCollateral,
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address liquidator,
        address borrower,
        uint seizeTokens) virtual external;

    function transferAllowed(address cToken, address src, address dst, uint transferTokens) virtual external returns (uint);
    function transferVerify(address cToken, address src, address dst, uint transferTokens) virtual external;

    /*** Liquidity/Liquidation Calculations ***/

    function liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(
        address cTokenBorrowed,
        address cTokenCollateral,
        uint repayAmount) virtual external view returns (uint, uint);
}


abstract contract InterestRateModel {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is an InterestRateModel contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isInterestRateModel = true;

    /**
      * @notice Calculates the current borrow interest rate per block
      * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
      * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
      * @param reserves The total amount of reserves the market has
      * @return The borrow rate per block (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
      */
    function getBorrowRate(uint cash, uint borrows, uint reserves) virtual external view returns (uint);

    /**
      * @notice Calculates the current supply interest rate per block
      * @param cash The total amount of cash the market has
      * @param borrows The total amount of borrows the market has outstanding
      * @param reserves The total amount of reserves the market has
      * @param reserveFactorMantissa The current reserve factor the market has
      * @return The supply rate per block (as a percentage, and scaled by 1e18)
      */
    function getSupplyRate(uint cash, uint borrows, uint reserves, uint reserveFactorMantissa) virtual external view returns (uint);
}

interface EIP20NonStandardInterface {

    /**
     * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
     * @return The supply of tokens
     */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return balance The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transfer` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external;

    ///
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    /// !!! NOTICE !!! `transferFrom` does not return a value, in violation of the ERC-20 specification
    /// !!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    ///

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
      * @param src The address of the source account
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) external;

    /**
      * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
      * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
      *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved
      * @return success Whether or not the approval succeeded
      */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
      * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @return remaining The number of tokens allowed to be spent
      */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}


contract CTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @dev Guard variable for re-entrancy checks
     */
    bool internal _notEntered;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token name for this token
     */
    string public name;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token symbol for this token
     */
    string public symbol;

    /**
     * @notice EIP-20 token decimals for this token
     */
    uint8 public decimals;

    // Maximum borrow rate that can ever be applied (.0005% / block)
    uint internal constant borrowRateMaxMantissa = 0.0005e16;

    // Maximum fraction of interest that can be set aside for reserves
    uint internal constant reserveFactorMaxMantissa = 1e18;

    /**
     * @notice Administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public admin;

    /**
     * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
     */
    address payable public pendingAdmin;

    /**
     * @notice Contract which oversees inter-cToken operations
     */
    ComptrollerInterface public comptroller;

    /**
     * @notice Model which tells what the current interest rate should be
     */
    InterestRateModel public interestRateModel;

    // Initial exchange rate used when minting the first CTokens (used when totalSupply = 0)
    uint internal initialExchangeRateMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Fraction of interest currently set aside for reserves
     */
    uint public reserveFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Block number that interest was last accrued at
     */
    uint public accrualBlockNumber;

    /**
     * @notice Accumulator of the total earned interest rate since the opening of the market
     */
    uint public borrowIndex;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of outstanding borrows of the underlying in this market
     */
    uint public totalBorrows;

    /**
     * @notice Total amount of reserves of the underlying held in this market
     */
    uint public totalReserves;

    /**
     * @notice Total number of tokens in circulation
     */
    uint public totalSupply;

    // Official record of token balances for each account
    mapping (address => uint) internal accountTokens;

    // Approved token transfer amounts on behalf of others
    mapping (address => mapping (address => uint)) internal transferAllowances;

    /**
     * @notice Container for borrow balance information
     * @member principal Total balance (with accrued interest), after applying the most recent balance-changing action
     * @member interestIndex Global borrowIndex as of the most recent balance-changing action
     */
    struct BorrowSnapshot {
        uint principal;
        uint interestIndex;
    }

    // Mapping of account addresses to outstanding borrow balances
    mapping(address => BorrowSnapshot) internal accountBorrows;

    /**
     * @notice Share of seized collateral that is added to reserves
     */
    uint public constant protocolSeizeShareMantissa = 2.8e16; //2.8%
}

abstract contract CTokenInterface is CTokenStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Indicator that this is a CToken contract (for inspection)
     */
    bool public constant isCToken = true;


    /*** Market Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interest is accrued
     */
    event AccrueInterest(uint cashPrior, uint interestAccumulated, uint borrowIndex, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are minted
     */
    event Mint(address minter, uint mintAmount, uint mintTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when tokens are redeemed
     */
    event Redeem(address redeemer, uint redeemAmount, uint redeemTokens);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when underlying is borrowed
     */
    event Borrow(address borrower, uint borrowAmount, uint accountBorrows, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is repaid
     */
    event RepayBorrow(address payer, address borrower, uint repayAmount, uint accountBorrows, uint totalBorrows);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when a borrow is liquidated
     */
    event LiquidateBorrow(address liquidator, address borrower, uint repayAmount, address cTokenCollateral, uint seizeTokens);


    /*** Admin Events ***/

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is changed
     */
    event NewPendingAdmin(address oldPendingAdmin, address newPendingAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when pendingAdmin is accepted, which means admin is updated
     */
    event NewAdmin(address oldAdmin, address newAdmin);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when comptroller is changed
     */
    event NewComptroller(ComptrollerInterface oldComptroller, ComptrollerInterface newComptroller);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when interestRateModel is changed
     */
    event NewMarketInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel, InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserve factor is changed
     */
    event NewReserveFactor(uint oldReserveFactorMantissa, uint newReserveFactorMantissa);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are added
     */
    event ReservesAdded(address benefactor, uint addAmount, uint newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice Event emitted when the reserves are reduced
     */
    event ReservesReduced(address admin, uint reduceAmount, uint newTotalReserves);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Transfer event
     */
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint amount);

    /**
     * @notice EIP20 Approval event
     */
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint amount);


    /*** User Interface ***/

    function transfer(address dst, uint amount) virtual external returns (bool);
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint amount) virtual external returns (bool);
    function approve(address spender, uint amount) virtual external returns (bool);
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) virtual external view returns (uint);
    function balanceOf(address owner) virtual external view returns (uint);
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) virtual external returns (uint);
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account) virtual external view returns (uint, uint, uint, uint);
    function borrowRatePerBlock() virtual external view returns (uint);
    function supplyRatePerBlock() virtual external view returns (uint);
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() virtual external returns (uint);
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) virtual external returns (uint);
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) virtual external view returns (uint);
    function exchangeRateCurrent() virtual external returns (uint);
    function exchangeRateStored() virtual external view returns (uint);
    function getCash() virtual external view returns (uint);
    function accrueInterest() virtual external returns (uint);
    function seize(address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) virtual external returns (uint);


    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) virtual external returns (uint);
    function _acceptAdmin() virtual external returns (uint);
    function _setComptroller(ComptrollerInterface newComptroller) virtual external returns (uint);
    function _setReserveFactor(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) virtual external returns (uint);
    function _reduceReserves(uint reduceAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) virtual external returns (uint);
}

contract CErc20Storage {
    /**
     * @notice Underlying asset for this CToken
     */
    address public underlying;
}

abstract contract CErc20Interface is CErc20Storage {

    /*** User Interface ***/

    function mint(uint mintAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function redeem(uint redeemTokens) virtual external returns (uint);
    function redeemUnderlying(uint redeemAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function borrow(uint borrowAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrow(uint repayAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function repayBorrowBehalf(address borrower, uint repayAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
    function liquidateBorrow(address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) virtual external returns (uint);
    function sweepToken(EIP20NonStandardInterface token) virtual external;


    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    function _addReserves(uint addAmount) virtual external returns (uint);
}

contract CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Implementation address for this contract
     */
    address public implementation;
}

abstract contract CDelegatorInterface is CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Emitted when implementation is changed
     */
    event NewImplementation(address oldImplementation, address newImplementation);

    /**
     * @notice Called by the admin to update the implementation of the delegator
     * @param implementation_ The address of the new implementation for delegation
     * @param allowResign Flag to indicate whether to call _resignImplementation on the old implementation
     * @param becomeImplementationData The encoded bytes data to be passed to _becomeImplementation
     */
    function _setImplementation(address implementation_, bool allowResign, bytes memory becomeImplementationData) virtual external;
}

abstract contract CDelegateInterface is CDelegationStorage {
    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to initialize it for duty
     * @dev Should revert if any issues arise which make it unfit for delegation
     * @param data The encoded bytes data for any initialization
     */
    function _becomeImplementation(bytes memory data) virtual external;

    /**
     * @notice Called by the delegator on a delegate to forfeit its responsibility
     */
    function _resignImplementation() virtual external;
}


interface EIP20Interface {
    function name() external view returns (string memory);
    function symbol() external view returns (string memory);
    function decimals() external view returns (uint8);

    /**
      * @notice Get the total number of tokens in circulation
      * @return The supply of tokens
      */
    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);

    /**
     * @notice Gets the balance of the specified address
     * @param owner The address from which the balance will be retrieved
     * @return balance The balance
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) external view returns (uint256 balance);

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      * @return success Whether or not the transfer succeeded
      */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
      * @param src The address of the source account
      * @param dst The address of the destination account
      * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
      * @return success Whether or not the transfer succeeded
      */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
      * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
      *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (-1 means infinite)
      * @return success Whether or not the approval succeeded
      */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool success);

    /**
      * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
      * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
      * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
      * @return remaining The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
      */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256 remaining);

    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 amount);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 amount);
}


contract ExponentialNoError {
    uint constant expScale = 1e18;
    uint constant doubleScale = 1e36;
    uint constant halfExpScale = expScale/2;
    uint constant mantissaOne = expScale;

    struct Exp {
        uint mantissa;
    }

    struct Double {
        uint mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Truncates the given exp to a whole number value.
     *      For example, truncate(Exp{mantissa: 15 * expScale}) = 15
     */
    function truncate(Exp memory exp) pure internal returns (uint) {
        // Note: We are not using careful math here as we're performing a division that cannot fail
        return exp.mantissa / expScale;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, then truncate to return an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncate(Exp memory a, uint scalar) pure internal returns (uint) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return truncate(product);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Multiply an Exp by a scalar, truncate, then add an to an unsigned integer, returning an unsigned integer.
     */
    function mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(Exp memory a, uint scalar, uint addend) pure internal returns (uint) {
        Exp memory product = mul_(a, scalar);
        return add_(truncate(product), addend);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if first Exp is less than second Exp.
     */
    function lessThanExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa < right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if left Exp <= right Exp.
     */
    function lessThanOrEqualExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa <= right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev Checks if left Exp > right Exp.
     */
    function greaterThanExp(Exp memory left, Exp memory right) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return left.mantissa > right.mantissa;
    }

    /**
     * @dev returns true if Exp is exactly zero
     */
    function isZeroExp(Exp memory value) pure internal returns (bool) {
        return value.mantissa == 0;
    }

    function safe224(uint n, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint224) {
        require(n < 2**224, errorMessage);
        return uint224(n);
    }

    function safe32(uint n, string memory errorMessage) pure internal returns (uint32) {
        require(n < 2**32, errorMessage);
        return uint32(n);
    }

    function add_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: add_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function add_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return a + b;
    }

    function sub_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: sub_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa)});
    }

    function sub_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return a - b;
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / expScale});
    }

    function mul_(Exp memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / expScale;
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b.mantissa) / doubleScale});
    }

    function mul_(Double memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: mul_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function mul_(uint a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return mul_(a, b.mantissa) / doubleScale;
    }

    function mul_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return a * b;
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, expScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Exp memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Exp memory) {
        return Exp({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint a, Exp memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return div_(mul_(a, expScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a.mantissa, doubleScale), b.mantissa)});
    }

    function div_(Double memory a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(a.mantissa, b)});
    }

    function div_(uint a, Double memory b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b.mantissa);
    }

    function div_(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (uint) {
        return a / b;
    }

    function fraction(uint a, uint b) pure internal returns (Double memory) {
        return Double({mantissa: div_(mul_(a, doubleScale), b)});
    }
}


abstract contract CToken is CTokenInterface, ExponentialNoError, TokenErrorReporter {
    /**
     * @notice Initialize the money market
     * @param comptroller_ The address of the Comptroller
     * @param interestRateModel_ The address of the interest rate model
     * @param initialExchangeRateMantissa_ The initial exchange rate, scaled by 1e18
     * @param name_ EIP-20 name of this token
     * @param symbol_ EIP-20 symbol of this token
     * @param decimals_ EIP-20 decimal precision of this token
     */
    function initialize(ComptrollerInterface comptroller_,
                        InterestRateModel interestRateModel_,
                        uint initialExchangeRateMantissa_,
                        string memory name_,
                        string memory symbol_,
                        uint8 decimals_) public {
        require(msg.sender == admin, "only admin may initialize the market");
        require(accrualBlockNumber == 0 && borrowIndex == 0, "market may only be initialized once");

        // Set initial exchange rate
        initialExchangeRateMantissa = initialExchangeRateMantissa_;
        require(initialExchangeRateMantissa > 0, "initial exchange rate must be greater than zero.");

        // Set the comptroller
        uint err = _setComptroller(comptroller_);
        require(err == NO_ERROR, "setting comptroller failed");

        // Initialize block number and borrow index (block number mocks depend on comptroller being set)
        accrualBlockNumber = getBlockNumber();
        borrowIndex = mantissaOne;

        // Set the interest rate model (depends on block number / borrow index)
        err = _setInterestRateModelFresh(interestRateModel_);
        require(err == NO_ERROR, "setting interest rate model failed");

        name = name_;
        symbol = symbol_;
        decimals = decimals_;

        // The counter starts true to prevent changing it from zero to non-zero (i.e. smaller cost/refund)
        _notEntered = true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `tokens` tokens from `src` to `dst` by `spender`
     * @dev Called by both `transfer` and `transferFrom` internally
     * @param spender The address of the account performing the transfer
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param tokens The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return 0 if the transfer succeeded, else revert
     */
    function transferTokens(address spender, address src, address dst, uint tokens) internal returns (uint) {
        /* Fail if transfer not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.transferAllowed(address(this), src, dst, tokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert TransferComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Do not allow self-transfers */
        if (src == dst) {
            revert TransferNotAllowed();
        }

        /* Get the allowance, infinite for the account owner */
        uint startingAllowance = 0;
        if (spender == src) {
            startingAllowance = type(uint).max;
        } else {
            startingAllowance = transferAllowances[src][spender];
        }

        /* Do the calculations, checking for {under,over}flow */
        uint allowanceNew = startingAllowance - tokens;
        uint srcTokensNew = accountTokens[src] - tokens;
        uint dstTokensNew = accountTokens[dst] + tokens;

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        accountTokens[src] = srcTokensNew;
        accountTokens[dst] = dstTokensNew;

        /* Eat some of the allowance (if necessary) */
        if (startingAllowance != type(uint).max) {
            transferAllowances[src][spender] = allowanceNew;
        }

        /* We emit a Transfer event */
        emit Transfer(src, dst, tokens);

        // unused function
        // comptroller.transferVerify(address(this), src, dst, tokens);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `msg.sender` to `dst`
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transfer(address dst, uint256 amount) override external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, msg.sender, dst, amount) == NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfer `amount` tokens from `src` to `dst`
     * @param src The address of the source account
     * @param dst The address of the destination account
     * @param amount The number of tokens to transfer
     * @return Whether or not the transfer succeeded
     */
    function transferFrom(address src, address dst, uint256 amount) override external nonReentrant returns (bool) {
        return transferTokens(msg.sender, src, dst, amount) == NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Approve `spender` to transfer up to `amount` from `src`
     * @dev This will overwrite the approval amount for `spender`
     *  and is subject to issues noted [here](https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-20#approve)
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @param amount The number of tokens that are approved (uint256.max means infinite)
     * @return Whether or not the approval succeeded
     */
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) override external returns (bool) {
        address src = msg.sender;
        transferAllowances[src][spender] = amount;
        emit Approval(src, spender, amount);
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the current allowance from `owner` for `spender`
     * @param owner The address of the account which owns the tokens to be spent
     * @param spender The address of the account which may transfer tokens
     * @return The number of tokens allowed to be spent (-1 means infinite)
     */
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) override external view returns (uint256) {
        return transferAllowances[owner][spender];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the token balance of the `owner`
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The number of tokens owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOf(address owner) override external view returns (uint256) {
        return accountTokens[owner];
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get the underlying balance of the `owner`
     * @dev This also accrues interest in a transaction
     * @param owner The address of the account to query
     * @return The amount of underlying owned by `owner`
     */
    function balanceOfUnderlying(address owner) override external returns (uint) {
        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateCurrent()});
        return mul_ScalarTruncate(exchangeRate, accountTokens[owner]);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get a snapshot of the account's balances, and the cached exchange rate
     * @dev This is used by comptroller to more efficiently perform liquidity checks.
     * @param account Address of the account to snapshot
     * @return (possible error, token balance, borrow balance, exchange rate mantissa)
     */
    function getAccountSnapshot(address account) override external view returns (uint, uint, uint, uint) {
        return (
            NO_ERROR,
            accountTokens[account],
            borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account),
            exchangeRateStoredInternal()
        );
    }

    /**
     * @dev Function to simply retrieve block number
     *  This exists mainly for inheriting test contracts to stub this result.
     */
    function getBlockNumber() virtual internal view returns (uint) {
        return block.number;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-block borrow interest rate for this cToken
     * @return The borrow interest rate per block, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function borrowRatePerBlock() override external view returns (uint) {
        return interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current per-block supply interest rate for this cToken
     * @return The supply interest rate per block, scaled by 1e18
     */
    function supplyRatePerBlock() override external view returns (uint) {
        return interestRateModel.getSupplyRate(getCashPrior(), totalBorrows, totalReserves, reserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Returns the current total borrows plus accrued interest
     * @return The total borrows with interest
     */
    function totalBorrowsCurrent() override external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        return totalBorrows;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest to updated borrowIndex and then calculate account's borrow balance using the updated borrowIndex
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated after updating borrowIndex
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceCurrent(address account) override external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        return borrowBalanceStored(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return The calculated balance
     */
    function borrowBalanceStored(address account) override public view returns (uint) {
        return borrowBalanceStoredInternal(account);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Return the borrow balance of account based on stored data
     * @param account The address whose balance should be calculated
     * @return (error code, the calculated balance or 0 if error code is non-zero)
     */
    function borrowBalanceStoredInternal(address account) internal view returns (uint) {
        /* Get borrowBalance and borrowIndex */
        BorrowSnapshot storage borrowSnapshot = accountBorrows[account];

        /* If borrowBalance = 0 then borrowIndex is likely also 0.
         * Rather than failing the calculation with a division by 0, we immediately return 0 in this case.
         */
        if (borrowSnapshot.principal == 0) {
            return 0;
        }

        /* Calculate new borrow balance using the interest index:
         *  recentBorrowBalance = borrower.borrowBalance * market.borrowIndex / borrower.borrowIndex
         */
        uint principalTimesIndex = borrowSnapshot.principal * borrowIndex;
        return principalTimesIndex / borrowSnapshot.interestIndex;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrue interest then return the up-to-date exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateCurrent() override public nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        return exchangeRateStored();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the CToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return Calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStored() override public view returns (uint) {
        return exchangeRateStoredInternal();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Calculates the exchange rate from the underlying to the CToken
     * @dev This function does not accrue interest before calculating the exchange rate
     * @return calculated exchange rate scaled by 1e18
     */
    function exchangeRateStoredInternal() virtual internal view returns (uint) {
        uint _totalSupply = totalSupply;
        if (_totalSupply == 0) {
            /*
             * If there are no tokens minted:
             *  exchangeRate = initialExchangeRate
             */
            return initialExchangeRateMantissa;
        } else {
            /*
             * Otherwise:
             *  exchangeRate = (totalCash + totalBorrows - totalReserves) / totalSupply
             */
            uint totalCash = getCashPrior();
            uint cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves = totalCash + totalBorrows - totalReserves;
            uint exchangeRate = cashPlusBorrowsMinusReserves * expScale / _totalSupply;

            return exchangeRate;
        }
    }

    /**
     * @notice Get cash balance of this cToken in the underlying asset
     * @return The quantity of underlying asset owned by this contract
     */
    function getCash() override external view returns (uint) {
        return getCashPrior();
    }

    /**
     * @notice Applies accrued interest to total borrows and reserves
     * @dev This calculates interest accrued from the last checkpointed block
     *   up to the current block and writes new checkpoint to storage.
     */
    function accrueInterest() virtual override public returns (uint) {
        /* Remember the initial block number */
        uint currentBlockNumber = getBlockNumber();
        uint accrualBlockNumberPrior = accrualBlockNumber;

        /* Short-circuit accumulating 0 interest */
        if (accrualBlockNumberPrior == currentBlockNumber) {
            return NO_ERROR;
        }

        /* Read the previous values out of storage */
        uint cashPrior = getCashPrior();
        uint borrowsPrior = totalBorrows;
        uint reservesPrior = totalReserves;
        uint borrowIndexPrior = borrowIndex;

        /* Calculate the current borrow interest rate */
        uint borrowRateMantissa = interestRateModel.getBorrowRate(cashPrior, borrowsPrior, reservesPrior);
        require(borrowRateMantissa <= borrowRateMaxMantissa, "borrow rate is absurdly high");

        /* Calculate the number of blocks elapsed since the last accrual */
        uint blockDelta = currentBlockNumber - accrualBlockNumberPrior;

        /*
         * Calculate the interest accumulated into borrows and reserves and the new index:
         *  simpleInterestFactor = borrowRate * blockDelta
         *  interestAccumulated = simpleInterestFactor * totalBorrows
         *  totalBorrowsNew = interestAccumulated + totalBorrows
         *  totalReservesNew = interestAccumulated * reserveFactor + totalReserves
         *  borrowIndexNew = simpleInterestFactor * borrowIndex + borrowIndex
         */

        Exp memory simpleInterestFactor = mul_(Exp({mantissa: borrowRateMantissa}), blockDelta);
        uint interestAccumulated = mul_ScalarTruncate(simpleInterestFactor, borrowsPrior);
        uint totalBorrowsNew = interestAccumulated + borrowsPrior;
        uint totalReservesNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(Exp({mantissa: reserveFactorMantissa}), interestAccumulated, reservesPrior);
        uint borrowIndexNew = mul_ScalarTruncateAddUInt(simpleInterestFactor, borrowIndexPrior, borrowIndexPrior);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accrualBlockNumber = currentBlockNumber;
        borrowIndex = borrowIndexNew;
        totalBorrows = totalBorrowsNew;
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* We emit an AccrueInterest event */
        emit AccrueInterest(cashPrior, interestAccumulated, borrowIndexNew, totalBorrowsNew);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender supplies assets into the market and receives cTokens in exchange
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     */
    function mintInternal(uint mintAmount) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // mintFresh emits the actual Mint event if successful and logs on errors, so we don't need to
        mintFresh(msg.sender, mintAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice User supplies assets into the market and receives cTokens in exchange
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current block
     * @param minter The address of the account which is supplying the assets
     * @param mintAmount The amount of the underlying asset to supply
     */
    function mintFresh(address minter, uint mintAmount) internal {
        /* Fail if mint not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.mintAllowed(address(this), minter, mintAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert MintComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert MintFreshnessCheck();
        }

        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateStoredInternal()});

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         *  We call `doTransferIn` for the minter and the mintAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  `doTransferIn` reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if
         *  side-effects occurred. The function returns the amount actually transferred,
         *  in case of a fee. On success, the cToken holds an additional `actualMintAmount`
         *  of cash.
         */
        uint actualMintAmount = doTransferIn(minter, mintAmount);

        /*
         * We get the current exchange rate and calculate the number of cTokens to be minted:
         *  mintTokens = actualMintAmount / exchangeRate
         */

        uint mintTokens = div_(actualMintAmount, exchangeRate);

        /*
         * We calculate the new total supply of cTokens and minter token balance, checking for overflow:
         *  totalSupplyNew = totalSupply + mintTokens
         *  accountTokensNew = accountTokens[minter] + mintTokens
         * And write them into storage
         */
        totalSupply = totalSupply + mintTokens;
        accountTokens[minter] = accountTokens[minter] + mintTokens;

        /* We emit a Mint event, and a Transfer event */
        emit Mint(minter, actualMintAmount, mintTokens);
        emit Transfer(address(this), minter, mintTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        // unused function
        // comptroller.mintVerify(address(this), minter, actualMintAmount, mintTokens);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems cTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemTokens The number of cTokens to redeem into underlying
     */
    function redeemInternal(uint redeemTokens) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        redeemFresh(payable(msg.sender), redeemTokens, 0);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender redeems cTokens in exchange for a specified amount of underlying asset
     * @dev Accrues interest whether or not the operation succeeds, unless reverted
     * @param redeemAmount The amount of underlying to receive from redeeming cTokens
     */
    function redeemUnderlyingInternal(uint redeemAmount) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // redeemFresh emits redeem-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        redeemFresh(payable(msg.sender), 0, redeemAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice User redeems cTokens in exchange for the underlying asset
     * @dev Assumes interest has already been accrued up to the current block
     * @param redeemer The address of the account which is redeeming the tokens
     * @param redeemTokensIn The number of cTokens to redeem into underlying (only one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn may be non-zero)
     * @param redeemAmountIn The number of underlying tokens to receive from redeeming cTokens (only one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn may be non-zero)
     */
    function redeemFresh(address payable redeemer, uint redeemTokensIn, uint redeemAmountIn) internal {
        require(redeemTokensIn == 0 || redeemAmountIn == 0, "one of redeemTokensIn or redeemAmountIn must be zero");

        /* exchangeRate = invoke Exchange Rate Stored() */
        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateStoredInternal() });

        uint redeemTokens;
        uint redeemAmount;
        /* If redeemTokensIn > 0: */
        if (redeemTokensIn > 0) {
            /*
             * We calculate the exchange rate and the amount of underlying to be redeemed:
             *  redeemTokens = redeemTokensIn
             *  redeemAmount = redeemTokensIn x exchangeRateCurrent
             */
            redeemTokens = redeemTokensIn;
            redeemAmount = mul_ScalarTruncate(exchangeRate, redeemTokensIn);
        } else {
            /*
             * We get the current exchange rate and calculate the amount to be redeemed:
             *  redeemTokens = redeemAmountIn / exchangeRate
             *  redeemAmount = redeemAmountIn
             */
            redeemTokens = div_(redeemAmountIn, exchangeRate);
            redeemAmount = redeemAmountIn;
        }

        /* Fail if redeem not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.redeemAllowed(address(this), redeemer, redeemTokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert RedeemComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert RedeemFreshnessCheck();
        }

        /* Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient cash */
        if (getCashPrior() < redeemAmount) {
            revert RedeemTransferOutNotPossible();
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)


        /*
         * We write the previously calculated values into storage.
         *  Note: Avoid token reentrancy attacks by writing reduced supply before external transfer.
         */
        totalSupply = totalSupply - redeemTokens;
        accountTokens[redeemer] = accountTokens[redeemer] - redeemTokens;

        /*
         * We invoke doTransferOut for the redeemer and the redeemAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken has redeemAmount less of cash.
         *  doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         */
        doTransferOut(redeemer, redeemAmount);

        /* We emit a Transfer event, and a Redeem event */
        emit Transfer(redeemer, address(this), redeemTokens);
        emit Redeem(redeemer, redeemAmount, redeemTokens);

        /* We call the defense hook */
        comptroller.redeemVerify(address(this), redeemer, redeemAmount, redeemTokens);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sender borrows assets from the protocol to their own address
      * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
      */
    function borrowInternal(uint borrowAmount) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // borrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        borrowFresh(payable(msg.sender), borrowAmount);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Users borrow assets from the protocol to their own address
      * @param borrowAmount The amount of the underlying asset to borrow
      */
    function borrowFresh(address payable borrower, uint borrowAmount) internal {
        /* Fail if borrow not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.borrowAllowed(address(this), borrower, borrowAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert BorrowComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert BorrowFreshnessCheck();
        }

        /* Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash */
        if (getCashPrior() < borrowAmount) {
            revert BorrowCashNotAvailable();
        }

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on overflow:
         *  accountBorrowNew = accountBorrow + borrowAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows + borrowAmount
         */
        uint accountBorrowsPrev = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);
        uint accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrowsPrev + borrowAmount;
        uint totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows + borrowAmount;

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We write the previously calculated values into storage.
         *  Note: Avoid token reentrancy attacks by writing increased borrow before external transfer.
        `*/
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = totalBorrowsNew;

        /*
         * We invoke doTransferOut for the borrower and the borrowAmount.
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken borrowAmount less of cash.
         *  doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         */
        doTransferOut(borrower, borrowAmount);

        /* We emit a Borrow event */
        emit Borrow(borrower, borrowAmount, accountBorrowsNew, totalBorrowsNew);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays their own borrow
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay, or -1 for the full outstanding amount
     */
    function repayBorrowInternal(uint repayAmount) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // repayBorrowFresh emits repay-borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        repayBorrowFresh(msg.sender, msg.sender, repayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Sender repays a borrow belonging to borrower
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount The amount to repay, or -1 for the full outstanding amount
     */
    function repayBorrowBehalfInternal(address borrower, uint repayAmount) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();
        // repayBorrowFresh emits repay-borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        repayBorrowFresh(msg.sender, borrower, repayAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Borrows are repaid by another user (possibly the borrower).
     * @param payer the account paying off the borrow
     * @param borrower the account with the debt being payed off
     * @param repayAmount the amount of underlying tokens being returned, or -1 for the full outstanding amount
     * @return (uint) the actual repayment amount.
     */
    function repayBorrowFresh(address payer, address borrower, uint repayAmount) internal returns (uint) {
        /* Fail if repayBorrow not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.repayBorrowAllowed(address(this), payer, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert RepayBorrowComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert RepayBorrowFreshnessCheck();
        }

        /* We fetch the amount the borrower owes, with accumulated interest */
        uint accountBorrowsPrev = borrowBalanceStoredInternal(borrower);

        /* If repayAmount == -1, repayAmount = accountBorrows */
        uint repayAmountFinal = repayAmount == type(uint).max ? accountBorrowsPrev : repayAmount;

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the payer and the repayAmount
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken holds an additional repayAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *   it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */
        uint actualRepayAmount = doTransferIn(payer, repayAmountFinal);

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and total borrow balances, failing on underflow:
         *  accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         *  totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows - actualRepayAmount
         */
        uint accountBorrowsNew = accountBorrowsPrev - actualRepayAmount;
        uint totalBorrowsNew = totalBorrows - actualRepayAmount;

        /* We write the previously calculated values into storage */
        accountBorrows[borrower].principal = accountBorrowsNew;
        accountBorrows[borrower].interestIndex = borrowIndex;
        totalBorrows = totalBorrowsNew;

        /* We emit a RepayBorrow event */
        emit RepayBorrow(payer, borrower, actualRepayAmount, accountBorrowsNew, totalBorrowsNew);

        return actualRepayAmount;
    }

    /**
     * @notice The sender liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this cToken to be liquidated
     * @param cTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     */
    function liquidateBorrowInternal(address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) internal nonReentrant {
        accrueInterest();

        uint error = cTokenCollateral.accrueInterest();
        if (error != NO_ERROR) {
            // accrueInterest emits logs on errors, but we still want to log the fact that an attempted liquidation failed
            revert LiquidateAccrueCollateralInterestFailed(error);
        }

        // liquidateBorrowFresh emits borrow-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to
        liquidateBorrowFresh(msg.sender, borrower, repayAmount, cTokenCollateral);
    }

    /**
     * @notice The liquidator liquidates the borrowers collateral.
     *  The collateral seized is transferred to the liquidator.
     * @param borrower The borrower of this cToken to be liquidated
     * @param liquidator The address repaying the borrow and seizing collateral
     * @param cTokenCollateral The market in which to seize collateral from the borrower
     * @param repayAmount The amount of the underlying borrowed asset to repay
     */
    function liquidateBorrowFresh(address liquidator, address borrower, uint repayAmount, CTokenInterface cTokenCollateral) internal {
        /* Fail if liquidate not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.liquidateBorrowAllowed(address(this), address(cTokenCollateral), liquidator, borrower, repayAmount);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert LiquidateComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Verify market's block number equals current block number */
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert LiquidateFreshnessCheck();
        }

        /* Verify cTokenCollateral market's block number equals current block number */
        if (cTokenCollateral.accrualBlockNumber() != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert LiquidateCollateralFreshnessCheck();
        }

        /* Fail if borrower = liquidator */
        if (borrower == liquidator) {
            revert LiquidateLiquidatorIsBorrower();
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = 0 */
        if (repayAmount == 0) {
            revert LiquidateCloseAmountIsZero();
        }

        /* Fail if repayAmount = -1 */
        if (repayAmount == type(uint).max) {
            revert LiquidateCloseAmountIsUintMax();
        }

        /* Fail if repayBorrow fails */
        uint actualRepayAmount = repayBorrowFresh(liquidator, borrower, repayAmount);

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We calculate the number of collateral tokens that will be seized */
        (uint amountSeizeError, uint seizeTokens) = comptroller.liquidateCalculateSeizeTokens(address(this), address(cTokenCollateral), actualRepayAmount);
        require(amountSeizeError == NO_ERROR, "LIQUIDATE_COMPTROLLER_CALCULATE_AMOUNT_SEIZE_FAILED");

        /* Revert if borrower collateral token balance < seizeTokens */
        require(cTokenCollateral.balanceOf(borrower) >= seizeTokens, "LIQUIDATE_SEIZE_TOO_MUCH");

        // If this is also the collateral, run seizeInternal to avoid re-entrancy, otherwise make an external call
        if (address(cTokenCollateral) == address(this)) {
            seizeInternal(address(this), liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        } else {
            require(cTokenCollateral.seize(liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens) == NO_ERROR, "token seizure failed");
        }

        /* We emit a LiquidateBorrow event */
        emit LiquidateBorrow(liquidator, borrower, actualRepayAmount, address(cTokenCollateral), seizeTokens);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Will fail unless called by another cToken during the process of liquidation.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the borrowed cToken and not a parameter.
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of cTokens to seize
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function seize(address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) override external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        seizeInternal(msg.sender, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Transfers collateral tokens (this market) to the liquidator.
     * @dev Called only during an in-kind liquidation, or by liquidateBorrow during the liquidation of another CToken.
     *  Its absolutely critical to use msg.sender as the seizer cToken and not a parameter.
     * @param seizerToken The contract seizing the collateral (i.e. borrowed cToken)
     * @param liquidator The account receiving seized collateral
     * @param borrower The account having collateral seized
     * @param seizeTokens The number of cTokens to seize
     */
    function seizeInternal(address seizerToken, address liquidator, address borrower, uint seizeTokens) internal {
        /* Fail if seize not allowed */
        uint allowed = comptroller.seizeAllowed(address(this), seizerToken, liquidator, borrower, seizeTokens);
        if (allowed != 0) {
            revert LiquidateSeizeComptrollerRejection(allowed);
        }

        /* Fail if borrower = liquidator */
        if (borrower == liquidator) {
            revert LiquidateSeizeLiquidatorIsBorrower();
        }

        /*
         * We calculate the new borrower and liquidator token balances, failing on underflow/overflow:
         *  borrowerTokensNew = accountTokens[borrower] - seizeTokens
         *  liquidatorTokensNew = accountTokens[liquidator] + seizeTokens
         */
        uint protocolSeizeTokens = mul_(seizeTokens, Exp({mantissa: protocolSeizeShareMantissa}));
        uint liquidatorSeizeTokens = seizeTokens - protocolSeizeTokens;
        Exp memory exchangeRate = Exp({mantissa: exchangeRateStoredInternal()});
        uint protocolSeizeAmount = mul_ScalarTruncate(exchangeRate, protocolSeizeTokens);
        uint totalReservesNew = totalReserves + protocolSeizeAmount;


        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /* We write the calculated values into storage */
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;
        totalSupply = totalSupply - protocolSeizeTokens;
        accountTokens[borrower] = accountTokens[borrower] - seizeTokens;
        accountTokens[liquidator] = accountTokens[liquidator] + liquidatorSeizeTokens;

        /* Emit a Transfer event */
        emit Transfer(borrower, liquidator, liquidatorSeizeTokens);
        emit Transfer(borrower, address(this), protocolSeizeTokens);
        emit ReservesAdded(address(this), protocolSeizeAmount, totalReservesNew);
    }


    /*** Admin Functions ***/

    /**
      * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address payable newPendingAdmin) override external returns (uint) {
        // Check caller = admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            revert SetPendingAdminOwnerCheck();
        }

        // Save current value, if any, for inclusion in log
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store pendingAdmin with value newPendingAdmin
        pendingAdmin = newPendingAdmin;

        // Emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin)
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
      * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
      * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _acceptAdmin() override external returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingAdmin and pendingAdmin ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingAdmin || msg.sender == address(0)) {
            revert AcceptAdminPendingAdminCheck();
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldAdmin = admin;
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store admin with value pendingAdmin
        admin = pendingAdmin;

        // Clear the pending value
        pendingAdmin = payable(address(0));

        emit NewAdmin(oldAdmin, admin);
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, pendingAdmin);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sets a new comptroller for the market
      * @dev Admin function to set a new comptroller
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setComptroller(ComptrollerInterface newComptroller) override public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            revert SetComptrollerOwnerCheck();
        }

        ComptrollerInterface oldComptroller = comptroller;
        // Ensure invoke comptroller.isComptroller() returns true
        require(newComptroller.isComptroller(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set market's comptroller to newComptroller
        comptroller = newComptroller;

        // Emit NewComptroller(oldComptroller, newComptroller)
        emit NewComptroller(oldComptroller, newComptroller);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
      * @notice accrues interest and sets a new reserve factor for the protocol using _setReserveFactorFresh
      * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and set a new reserve factor
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setReserveFactor(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) override external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        // _setReserveFactorFresh emits reserve-factor-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setReserveFactorFresh(newReserveFactorMantissa);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Sets a new reserve factor for the protocol (*requires fresh interest accrual)
      * @dev Admin function to set a new reserve factor
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setReserveFactorFresh(uint newReserveFactorMantissa) internal returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            revert SetReserveFactorAdminCheck();
        }

        // Verify market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert SetReserveFactorFreshCheck();
        }

        // Check newReserveFactor ≤ maxReserveFactor
        if (newReserveFactorMantissa > reserveFactorMaxMantissa) {
            revert SetReserveFactorBoundsCheck();
        }

        uint oldReserveFactorMantissa = reserveFactorMantissa;
        reserveFactorMantissa = newReserveFactorMantissa;

        emit NewReserveFactor(oldReserveFactorMantissa, newReserveFactorMantissa);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring from msg.sender
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _addReservesInternal(uint addAmount) internal nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();

        // _addReservesFresh emits reserve-addition-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        _addReservesFresh(addAmount);
        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Add reserves by transferring from caller
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param addAmount Amount of addition to reserves
     * @return (uint, uint) An error code (0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)) and the actual amount added, net token fees
     */
    function _addReservesFresh(uint addAmount) internal returns (uint, uint) {
        // totalReserves + actualAddAmount
        uint totalReservesNew;
        uint actualAddAmount;

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert AddReservesFactorFreshCheck(actualAddAmount);
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        /*
         * We call doTransferIn for the caller and the addAmount
         *  Note: The cToken must handle variations between ERC-20 and ETH underlying.
         *  On success, the cToken holds an additional addAmount of cash.
         *  doTransferIn reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
         *  it returns the amount actually transferred, in case of a fee.
         */

        actualAddAmount = doTransferIn(msg.sender, addAmount);

        totalReservesNew = totalReserves + actualAddAmount;

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] + actualAddAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        /* Emit NewReserves(admin, actualAddAmount, reserves[n+1]) */
        emit ReservesAdded(msg.sender, actualAddAmount, totalReservesNew);

        /* Return (NO_ERROR, actualAddAmount) */
        return (NO_ERROR, actualAddAmount);
    }


    /**
     * @notice Accrues interest and reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReserves(uint reduceAmount) override external nonReentrant returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        // _reduceReservesFresh emits reserve-reduction-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _reduceReservesFresh(reduceAmount);
    }

    /**
     * @notice Reduces reserves by transferring to admin
     * @dev Requires fresh interest accrual
     * @param reduceAmount Amount of reduction to reserves
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _reduceReservesFresh(uint reduceAmount) internal returns (uint) {
        // totalReserves - reduceAmount
        uint totalReservesNew;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            revert ReduceReservesAdminCheck();
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert ReduceReservesFreshCheck();
        }

        // Fail gracefully if protocol has insufficient underlying cash
        if (getCashPrior() < reduceAmount) {
            revert ReduceReservesCashNotAvailable();
        }

        // Check reduceAmount ≤ reserves[n] (totalReserves)
        if (reduceAmount > totalReserves) {
            revert ReduceReservesCashValidation();
        }

        /////////////////////////
        // EFFECTS & INTERACTIONS
        // (No safe failures beyond this point)

        totalReservesNew = totalReserves - reduceAmount;

        // Store reserves[n+1] = reserves[n] - reduceAmount
        totalReserves = totalReservesNew;

        // doTransferOut reverts if anything goes wrong, since we can't be sure if side effects occurred.
        doTransferOut(admin, reduceAmount);

        emit ReservesReduced(admin, reduceAmount, totalReservesNew);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /**
     * @notice accrues interest and updates the interest rate model using _setInterestRateModelFresh
     * @dev Admin function to accrue interest and update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModel(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) override public returns (uint) {
        accrueInterest();
        // _setInterestRateModelFresh emits interest-rate-model-update-specific logs on errors, so we don't need to.
        return _setInterestRateModelFresh(newInterestRateModel);
    }

    /**
     * @notice updates the interest rate model (*requires fresh interest accrual)
     * @dev Admin function to update the interest rate model
     * @param newInterestRateModel the new interest rate model to use
     * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
     */
    function _setInterestRateModelFresh(InterestRateModel newInterestRateModel) internal returns (uint) {

        // Used to store old model for use in the event that is emitted on success
        InterestRateModel oldInterestRateModel;

        // Check caller is admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            revert SetInterestRateModelOwnerCheck();
        }

        // We fail gracefully unless market's block number equals current block number
        if (accrualBlockNumber != getBlockNumber()) {
            revert SetInterestRateModelFreshCheck();
        }

        // Track the market's current interest rate model
        oldInterestRateModel = interestRateModel;

        // Ensure invoke newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel() returns true
        require(newInterestRateModel.isInterestRateModel(), "marker method returned false");

        // Set the interest rate model to newInterestRateModel
        interestRateModel = newInterestRateModel;

        // Emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel)
        emit NewMarketInterestRateModel(oldInterestRateModel, newInterestRateModel);

        return NO_ERROR;
    }

    /*** Safe Token ***/

    /**
     * @notice Gets balance of this contract in terms of the underlying
     * @dev This excludes the value of the current message, if any
     * @return The quantity of underlying owned by this contract
     */
    function getCashPrior() virtual internal view returns (uint);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer in, reverting upon failure. Returns the amount actually transferred to the protocol, in case of a fee.
     *  This may revert due to insufficient balance or insufficient allowance.
     */
    function doTransferIn(address from, uint amount) virtual internal returns (uint);

    /**
     * @dev Performs a transfer out, ideally returning an explanatory error code upon failure rather than reverting.
     *  If caller has not called checked protocol's balance, may revert due to insufficient cash held in the contract.
     *  If caller has checked protocol's balance, and verified it is >= amount, this should not revert in normal conditions.
     */
    function doTransferOut(address payable to, uint amount) virtual internal;


    /*** Reentrancy Guard ***/

    /**
     * @dev Prevents a contract from calling itself, directly or indirectly.
     */
    modifier nonReentrant() {
        require(_notEntered, "re-entered");
        _notEntered = false;
        _;
        _notEntered = true; // get a gas-refund post-Istanbul
    }
}


abstract contract PriceOracle {
    /// @notice Indicator that this is a PriceOracle contract (for inspection)
    bool public constant isPriceOracle = true;

    /**
      * @notice Get the underlying price of a cToken asset
      * @param cToken The cToken to get the underlying price of
      * @return The underlying asset price mantissa (scaled by 1e18).
      *  Zero means the price is unavailable.
      */
    function getUnderlyingPrice(CToken cToken) virtual external view returns (uint);
}


contract UnitrollerAdminStorage {
    /**
    * @notice Administrator for this contract
    */
    address public admin;

    /**
    * @notice Pending administrator for this contract
    */
    address public pendingAdmin;

    /**
    * @notice Active brains of Unitroller
    */
    address public comptrollerImplementation;

    /**
    * @notice Pending brains of Unitroller
    */
    address public pendingComptrollerImplementation;
}

contract ComptrollerV1Storage is UnitrollerAdminStorage {

    /**
     * @notice Oracle which gives the price of any given asset
     */
    PriceOracle public oracle;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier used to calculate the maximum repayAmount when liquidating a borrow
     */
    uint public closeFactorMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Multiplier representing the discount on collateral that a liquidator receives
     */
    uint public liquidationIncentiveMantissa;

    /**
     * @notice Max number of assets a single account can participate in (borrow or use as collateral)
     */
    uint public maxAssets;

    /**
     * @notice Per-account mapping of "assets you are in", capped by maxAssets
     */
    mapping(address => CToken[]) public accountAssets;

}

contract ComptrollerV2Storage is ComptrollerV1Storage {
    struct Market {
        // Whether or not this market is listed
        bool isListed;

        //  Multiplier representing the most one can borrow against their collateral in this market.
        //  For instance, 0.9 to allow borrowing 90% of collateral value.
        //  Must be between 0 and 1, and stored as a mantissa.
        uint collateralFactorMantissa;

        // Per-market mapping of "accounts in this asset"
        mapping(address => bool) accountMembership;

        // Whether or not this market receives COMP
        bool isComped;
    }

    /**
     * @notice Official mapping of cTokens -> Market metadata
     * @dev Used e.g. to determine if a market is supported
     */
    mapping(address => Market) public markets;


    /**
     * @notice The Pause Guardian can pause certain actions as a safety mechanism.
     *  Actions which allow users to remove their own assets cannot be paused.
     *  Liquidation / seizing / transfer can only be paused globally, not by market.
     */
    address public pauseGuardian;
    bool public _mintGuardianPaused;
    bool public _borrowGuardianPaused;
    bool public transferGuardianPaused;
    bool public seizeGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public mintGuardianPaused;
    mapping(address => bool) public borrowGuardianPaused;
}

contract ComptrollerV3Storage is ComptrollerV2Storage {
    struct CompMarketState {
        // The market's last updated compBorrowIndex or compSupplyIndex
        uint224 index;

        // The block number the index was last updated at
        uint32 block;
    }

    /// @notice A list of all markets
    CToken[] public allMarkets;

    /// @notice The rate at which the flywheel distributes COMP, per block
    uint public compRate;

    /// @notice The portion of compRate that each market currently receives
    mapping(address => uint) public compSpeeds;

    /// @notice The COMP market supply state for each market
    mapping(address => CompMarketState) public compSupplyState;

    /// @notice The COMP market borrow state for each market
    mapping(address => CompMarketState) public compBorrowState;

    /// @notice The COMP borrow index for each market for each supplier as of the last time they accrued COMP
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint)) public compSupplierIndex;

    /// @notice The COMP borrow index for each market for each borrower as of the last time they accrued COMP
    mapping(address => mapping(address => uint)) public compBorrowerIndex;

    /// @notice The COMP accrued but not yet transferred to each user
    mapping(address => uint) public compAccrued;
}

contract ComptrollerV4Storage is ComptrollerV3Storage {
    // @notice The borrowCapGuardian can set borrowCaps to any number for any market. Lowering the borrow cap could disable borrowing on the given market.
    address public borrowCapGuardian;

    // @notice Borrow caps enforced by borrowAllowed for each cToken address. Defaults to zero which corresponds to unlimited borrowing.
    mapping(address => uint) public borrowCaps;
}

contract ComptrollerV5Storage is ComptrollerV4Storage {
    /// @notice The portion of COMP that each contributor receives per block
    mapping(address => uint) public compContributorSpeeds;

    /// @notice Last block at which a contributor's COMP rewards have been allocated
    mapping(address => uint) public lastContributorBlock;
}

contract ComptrollerV6Storage is ComptrollerV5Storage {
    /// @notice The rate at which comp is distributed to the corresponding borrow market (per block)
    mapping(address => uint) public compBorrowSpeeds;

    /// @notice The rate at which comp is distributed to the corresponding supply market (per block)
    mapping(address => uint) public compSupplySpeeds;
}

contract ComptrollerV7Storage is ComptrollerV6Storage {
    /// @notice Flag indicating whether the function to fix COMP accruals has been executed (RE: proposal 62 bug)
    bool public proposal65FixExecuted;

    /// @notice Accounting storage mapping account addresses to how much COMP they owe the protocol.
    mapping(address => uint) public compReceivable;
}


contract Unitroller is UnitrollerAdminStorage, ComptrollerErrorReporter {

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingComptrollerImplementation is changed
      */
    event NewPendingImplementation(address oldPendingImplementation, address newPendingImplementation);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingComptrollerImplementation is accepted, which means comptroller implementation is updated
      */
    event NewImplementation(address oldImplementation, address newImplementation);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingAdmin is changed
      */
    event NewPendingAdmin(address oldPendingAdmin, address newPendingAdmin);

    /**
      * @notice Emitted when pendingAdmin is accepted, which means admin is updated
      */
    event NewAdmin(address oldAdmin, address newAdmin);

    constructor() public {
        // Set admin to caller
        admin = msg.sender;
    }

    /*** Admin Functions ***/
    function _setPendingImplementation(address newPendingImplementation) public returns (uint) {

        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        address oldPendingImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        pendingComptrollerImplementation = newPendingImplementation;

        emit NewPendingImplementation(oldPendingImplementation, pendingComptrollerImplementation);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
    * @notice Accepts new implementation of comptroller. msg.sender must be pendingImplementation
    * @dev Admin function for new implementation to accept it's role as implementation
    * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
    */
    function _acceptImplementation() public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingImplementation and pendingImplementation ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingComptrollerImplementation || pendingComptrollerImplementation == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_PENDING_IMPLEMENTATION_ADDRESS_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldImplementation = comptrollerImplementation;
        address oldPendingImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        comptrollerImplementation = pendingComptrollerImplementation;

        pendingComptrollerImplementation = address(0);

        emit NewImplementation(oldImplementation, comptrollerImplementation);
        emit NewPendingImplementation(oldPendingImplementation, pendingComptrollerImplementation);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }


    /**
      * @notice Begins transfer of admin rights. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @dev Admin function to begin change of admin. The newPendingAdmin must call `_acceptAdmin` to finalize the transfer.
      * @param newPendingAdmin New pending admin.
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _setPendingAdmin(address newPendingAdmin) public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller = admin
        if (msg.sender != admin) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.SET_PENDING_ADMIN_OWNER_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current value, if any, for inclusion in log
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store pendingAdmin with value newPendingAdmin
        pendingAdmin = newPendingAdmin;

        // Emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin)
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, newPendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
      * @notice Accepts transfer of admin rights. msg.sender must be pendingAdmin
      * @dev Admin function for pending admin to accept role and update admin
      * @return uint 0=success, otherwise a failure (see ErrorReporter.sol for details)
      */
    function _acceptAdmin() public returns (uint) {
        // Check caller is pendingAdmin and pendingAdmin ≠ address(0)
        if (msg.sender != pendingAdmin || msg.sender == address(0)) {
            return fail(Error.UNAUTHORIZED, FailureInfo.ACCEPT_ADMIN_PENDING_ADMIN_CHECK);
        }

        // Save current values for inclusion in log
        address oldAdmin = admin;
        address oldPendingAdmin = pendingAdmin;

        // Store admin with value pendingAdmin
        admin = pendingAdmin;

        // Clear the pending value
        pendingAdmin = address(0);

        emit NewAdmin(oldAdmin, admin);
        emit NewPendingAdmin(oldPendingAdmin, pendingAdmin);

        return uint(Error.NO_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * @dev Delegates execution to an implementation contract.
     * It returns to the external caller whatever the implementation returns
     * or forwards reverts.
     */
    fallback() payable external {
        // delegate all other functions to current implementation
        (bool success, ) = comptrollerImplementation.delegatecall(msg.data);

        assembly {
              let free_mem_ptr := mload(0x40)
              returndatacopy(free_mem_ptr, 0, returndatasize())

              switch success
              case 0 { revert(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize()) }
              default { return(free_mem_ptr, returndatasize()) }
        }
    }
}

Contract ABI

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Deployed ByteCode Sourcemap

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Swarm Source

ipfs://69b7b321c6a196a67cdb44e3aaed7d6c8db61f89b056bf076d1716af86d105e7
Block Transaction Gas Used Reward
Age Block Fee Address BC Fee Address Voting Power Jailed Incoming
Block Uncle Number Difficulty Gas Used Reward
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